From its proximal attachment to the upper 4 cervical transverse processes to its distal attachment to the superior medial border of the scapula, this muscle has multiple actions:
- elevating the scapula
- tipping the glenoid downward
- ipsilateral rotation of the cervical spine
- ipsilateral flexion . . .
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As people who needle, we often emphasize needling the paraspinal muscles associated with the segemental innervation of the peripheral muscle you are needling. For example, you may needle the L2-L4 paraspinals (ie: femoral nerve distribution) along with the quads, or perhaps the C2 PPD’s along with the suboccipitals. We do this to . . .
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